One of the long-term impacts of the Industrial Revolution was its effect upon the countryside. Large numbers of men, women, and children moved from rural villages to the new factories, in search for better opportunities. As time went on, the age-old structures and rhythms of country-life changed dramatically. Country folk were part of a society in which they had been closely attached to the soil since time immemorial. Their whole world revolved around the village and its life: their work and play, births, marriages, and deaths; every aspect of their lives was determined by their relationship to the natural environment.
All of that changed when country folk moved to the rapidly-developing towns and cities. Here, they felt isolated, no longer part of a wide support structure which provided, not just assistance during the bad times, but also a sense of identity. Newly-arrived workers from the countryside were suddenly turned into cogs in a gigantic economic machine, their employment relations based upon the cash nexus, rather than the traditional rural class relations of master and servant.
Increasingly, the rural economy existed to serve the new industrial centers. This changed the nature of agricultural work completely. If you've ever had the chance to read any of Thomas Hardy's novels, you'll see that one of the common themes is how the rural folk have been separated from the land by rapid industrialization; they need to produce more goods to satisfy the demands of a growing urban population. This was a direct consequence of the Industrial Revolution. In its wake, the affinity between the rural population and the soil was changed forever, from an almost mystical communion with the natural environment to a relationship in which nature was objectified, treated as a source for exploitation to feed the insatiable demands of the new industrial society.