The Myth of Sisyphus by Albert Camus

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What are some rhetorical devices used in "The Myth of Sisyphus"?

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Rebecca Owens eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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In addition to the comments my colleague has made, I would like to add a couple of rhetorical strategies and expound on one of the aforementioned strategies I noted when reading Camus's "The Myth of Sisyphus."

Allusion is at the forefront, of course, with the titular character. But there is another allusion latter in the essay when Camus likens Sisyphus's struggle, and by extension our own endless bouts with our requisite boulders as "boundless grief . . . too heavy to bear . . . our nights of Gethsemane." This allusion to Christ's final night before his crucifixion helps us to understand the great depth of the grief for which we cannot find cause. According to Christian belief, when Christ was in the Garden of Gathsemane, he was so filled with suffering that he sweat drops of blood as he pleaded with God to change his path, but to no avail. Likening our grief to Christ's is Camus's way of explaining its immensity. The purpose of the allusions is to give the audience a point of reference....

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