What are some common rheutorical devices found in Puritan poetry?
For example, one rheutorical device used in puritan poetry is apostrope in indirectly refering to God. Another is the inverted word orders.
Apostrophe is indeed a device used in much Puritan poetry. Do be careful not to call it "an" apostrophe - which refers to the punctuation mark. This apostrophe is a form of personification, when more than just human qualities are ascribed.
The use of allegorical symbol to share the message can be seen in Anne Bradstreet's
"The Author to Her Book" in which Bradstreet likens her writing to that of raising a child.
Evil may be personified by the presence of a snake on the porch and so on. Burning the collar on her husband's shirt would possibly be God's way of preparing a wife for her husband's death. Every day occurrences or possibilites find spiritual, sometimes sinister significance.
A Jeremiad is a rheutorical device that laments the failings of Man and often foresees the downward spiral of society. It is evident in Jonathan Edwards' Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God.
Enjambment (running on past the end of a line) and caesura (using punctuation to show a pause, for example) are two rheutorical devices which affect the rhythm of puritanical writings, (amongst many others) and are evident in Edward Taylor's poem "Upon a Wasp Chilled with Cold Analysis."