What are some researchable themes, motifs, symbols or archetypes I should trace as I read Little Women?  

Expert Answers
parkerlee eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The changing role of women, self-awareness and affirmation in adolescence and early adulthood, and solidarity within the family unit are three predominant leit motifs throughout this novel. You could formulate another theme around the social implications of poverty and wealth as depicted in the story.

To glean more ideas, visit the following enote references. The first one gives interesting insight into how the themes of  Little Women relate to the confrontations and problems Alcott faced in her own life in the wane of the nineteeth century.