What are some quotes from Atticus that show courage? 

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As a lawyer, Atticus faces a tough case when he defends Tom Robinson, an African American man facing charges of rape. Many citizens of Maycomb County believe that Atticus "shouldn’t do much about defending this man." However, Atticus plans to defend Tom to the best of his ability. Atticus shares his reasons for defending Tom by explaining to Scout, "The main one is, if I didn’t I couldn’t hold up my head in town, I couldn’t represent this county in the legislature, I couldn’t even tell you or Jem not to do something again." Atticus shows courage by defending Tom while knowing the difficulty he and his children will face as a result.

Atticus also shows courage where Mrs. Dubose is concerned. Although Mrs. Dubose rarely has anything nice to say, he remains courteous to her by sharing news from the courthouse and wishing her a good day. Then, with Scout on his shoulders, he returns home. Scout recalls thinking that during these moments, Atticus "was the bravest man who ever lived." When Mrs. Dubose dies, Atticus informs the children that she was addicted to morphine. However, because Jem reads to her daily as a consequence for destroying her camellia bushes, she is able to overcome her addiction. The reading serves as a distraction for her. Atticus explains to Jem that, "I wanted you to see what real courage is, instead of getting the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand." Respectful of what she was able to do, Atticus tells them she was the "bravest person I ever knew." Atticus shows courage in his ability to overlook Mrs. Dubose's hateful comments, and he shows compassion by understanding her difficult situation.

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In Chapter 15, Atticus goes to guard the jail while Tom is imprisoned there. He knows that a mob might show up for Tom and he is correct. Atticus does have Mr. Underwood watching his back, but it still takes courage to confront the mob when they arrive. Atticus tells Walter Cunningham Sr. to take the mob home: 

“You can turn around and go home again, Walter,” Atticus said pleasantly. “Heck Tate’s around somewhere.” 

Walter says that Tate is off hunting, but Atticus stands his ground. Ironically, it is the children who show up and persuade the mob to leave. 

In his summary at the end of the trial, he boldly points out that all of the state's witnesses (with the exception of Sheriff Tate) have a racial bias. This is central to his case, but it is a brave (and necessary) move in order to complete his point that the case has been motivated by race and if Tom is convicted, it will be a travesty of justice, also motivated by racism: 

The witnesses for the state, with the exception of the sheriff of Maycomb County, have presented themselves to you gentlemen, to this court, in the cynical confidence that their testimony would not be doubted, confident that you gentlemen would go along with them on the assumption—the evil assumption—that all Negroes lie, that all Negroes are basically immoral beings, that all Negro men are not to be trusted around our women, an assumption one associates with minds of their caliber.  

In other words, Atticus bluntly points out that the state's witnesses have used racist motives to frame their story. He is saying to the jury, "if you go along with this racist presentation, then your are no better than they are." He challenges the jury to consider their own racist tendencies. It's a bold, but necessary move. 

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