What are some quotes from To Kill a Mockingbird that contain literary devices that relate to the theme of racism?
Colloquialisms and Dialects. During her testimony, Mayella speaks in a manner befitting a Ewell--and most of the other Southerners in the town. Mayella's use of the "N" word is also an epithet.
"I said come here, nigger, and bust up this chiffarobe for me... He got me, cussin' me and sayin' dirt--I fought'n'hollered... He hit me agin an' agin.
"--he chunked me on the floor an' choked me'n took advantage of me." (Chapter 18)
Allusions. During Atticus's summation to the jury, he alludes to two of the most famous men of the era.
"But there is one way in this country in which all men are created equal--there is one human institution that makes a pauper the equal of a Rockefeller, the stupid man the equal of an Einstein..." (Chapter 20)
Simile. Atticus uses a simile in his summation, comparing dishonesty with Tom's skin color.
"Which, gentlemen, we know is in itself a lie as black as Tom Robinson's skin..." (Chapter 20)
Euphemism. Atticus uses this device to slightly more politely refer to the old term of "Uncle Tom"--an older, passive Negro who accepts his lowly position in society.
"... she kissed a black man. Not an old Uncle, but a strong young Negro man." (Chapter 20)
Malapropism. During Bob Ewell's testimony, he uses this device during his description of Tom's attack. The word he means to use is "disentangle."
"... but when I got distangled I run up to the window and I seen--that black nigger yonder ruttin' on my Mayella. (Chapter 17)