What are some quotes from Antigone that represent the theme Man VS Woman (women's role in society)?
I like the opening scene's exchange between Antigone and Ismene for quotes on the conflict between men and women. Antigone represents the force for social change in her arguments that men's laws, when unjust, should be challenged. Ismene is more representative of the traditional view whereby there should not be challenges of men's laws because she and her sister are women, and are not the in the position to wage such challenge. It is here where I think some very meaningful quotes about individual power based on gender can be found. Ismene's articulation of the traditional notion of gender can be seen here:
And now the two of us, left all alone—
think how very horribly we will die
if we go against the king's decree and strength(60)
outside the law. Rather, consider that we
were born women, proving we should not fight with men,
and that we are ruled by more powerful people
and must obey them, even in more painful things.
Notice the language Ismene employs to convey both her predicament as a sister and women. "Left all alone," "horribly" in describing the manner of death are both representative of how the traditional view of women are held in Greek society. Additionally, the idea that being "born" women is somehow a second rate condition is matched with men being "more powerful people." Antigone's response is fairly interesting in this light:
But let me and my foolish plans suffer(95)
this terrible thing, for I shall succumb
to nothing so awful as a shameful death.
In Antigone's mind, being a woman is not the issue. The fundamental issue is believing in a cause, in "foolish plans." Her entire line of response to Ismene is the belief in something more transcendental than the contingent condition of men vs. women. Antigone does not spend time in arguing the merits of female empowerment. Rather, she seems to transcend gender and embrace the idea that every human being commits themselves to something, someone, some idea. When Antigone tells Ismene to not "worry for me; straighten out your own life," it is telling. Such a line reveals that Antigone's fundamental argument is that one neednt be locked in gender specified roles if they passionately hold beliefs in what they see as right and just. It is here where Antigone becomes more than a feminist, and embraces the idea that contingency and condition does not define human beings, regardless of gender.
Creon's outrage that anyone has defied his edict that no one shall bury Polyneices is intensified when he discovers that it is Antigone, his niece, who has done it. In considering how he will punish her, a woman and a blood relative, he worries about how his authority will be weakened if he pardons her. His conclusion, "Now verily I am no man, she is the man, if this victory shall rest with her, and bring no penalty" reveals that it will be an emasculating act if he lets her "win" in the court of public opinion. Creon goes on to tell Antigone, "While I live, no woman shall rule me." This asserts not only his authority as the king, but as a man.
When Haemon tries to appeal to Creon's humanity and persuade him that forgiveness is not an outward sign of weakness, Creon questions his own son's masculinity in defending Antigone, observing, "This boy, it seems, is the woman's champion." Haemon tries to correct his father, pointing out that the gods insist that people receive burial rites and that Antigone is simply answering to that higher law, but Creon exclaims "O dastard nature, yielding place to woman!" Creon simply cannot accept not only that has a woman defied him, but his own son defends her.
Though Antigone knows she has behaved correctly in the eyes of the gods, she also understands that she has no choice but to yield to the authority of Creon, King of Thebes. She approaches her death with the knowledge that a mortal man "now [he] leads me thus, a captive in his hands," because in Thebes, she is powerless.