What are pro and con points of Immanuel Kant’s theories?

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With regards to Kant's moral philosophy, the most enduring critique is that it is formal, rather than substantive. In other words, Kant is very effective in defining what constitutes a moral act in theoretical terms rather than specifying precisely what we would need to do in certain circumstances. What matters for Kant, more than anything else, is the logical structure of moral acts rather than their actual content. For critics, this offers a very thin concept of morality, one that does not provide much practical guidance in our everyday lives.

A further criticism of Kantian moral theory is that it concentrates on the act itself to the exclusion of other considerations such as the moral character of the individual or the consequences of a specific action. The first of these criticisms would come from so-called virtue theorists. Following in the footsteps of Aristotle they would argue that substantive moral theories can only be based upon the examination of...

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