What are some possible difficulties in requiring the same percentage of reduction of the release of greenhouse gase by all nations?
Im using the sciencefocus 10 textbook. Preferably, the answers would be from the textbook, but I understand that that may be irealistic. Any possible difficulties would be great.
The issue here is that not all nations contribute equally to the increase in greenhouse gases. Many poorer nations produce very small amounts of greenhouse gases, especially when this is calculated on a per-citizen basis. In these countries many people are already living in poverty, and requiring greenhouse gas reduction will slow development and keep those people trapped in the poverty cycle.It is unethical to expect undeveloped nations to stop their growth when the wealthy nations that created the problem continue to reap the rewards of having done so.
It takes money and technology to reduce carbon emissions. Wealthy countries have the money and resources to develop alternative strategies that will reduce greenhouse gas emissions without damaging the quality of life of the population.
Here's a simple analogy that may help: The average human male needs about 2,000 calories per day to stay at a stable weight. Sam is very overweight and usually eats about 3,000 calories daily. Paul is very thin and eats about 1,500 calories daily. Suddenly, there is a food shortage, and everyone is told to cut their calorie intake by 10%. The result is that Sam will be eating 2,700 calories and Paul will be eating 1,350 calories. Do you think this is fair?