Human beings interact with the environment in a number of ways, some positive, other negative. Here are some examples of positive interactions, interactions that do not harm the environment or support it.
- Use of renewable energy resources: prevents use of fossil fuels, thereby protecting the environment
- Planting trees: more plants and trees not only mean a better surrounding for us, it also helps the environment.
- Creation of National Parks or protected areas: not only ensures the safety of species but also provides tourism sites for people to enjoy nature.
- Eco-tourism: protects the environment and the way of life of natives.
- Sustainable infrastructure development: efforts to build infrastructural projects (such as roads, bridges, dams, etc.) while ensuring that minimal environmental damage takes place.
- recycling: when we recycle used material, we save the environment by not buying new materials. Examples include recycling of waste paper, glass bottles, plastics, etc.
- Rainwater Harvesting: Another great example of positive human environment interaction. It allows for direct use of rainwater or recharges the groundwater, thereby helping the depleting water tables.
postive consequences of human enviromental interaction:
removal of invasive plant species
Supervised burning of fire dependent habitats
Reserves like national parks
In interactions between humans and the environment, we tend to focus on negative consequences like depletion of finite resources or destruction of critical habitats, but there are positive consequences as well.
When humans interact in such a way as to sustain biodiversity, to recycle energy or nutrients in an ecosystem, or to restore habitats, those are positive consequences. Some examples of these might include:
Composting of food/farm waste - this returns nutrients to agricultural systems, requiring less inputs of chemical fertilizers.
Planting native trees/plants - can bring back a more "natural" biodiversity into an ecosystem, including the associated pollinators, consumers, and decomposers. Diverse native ecosystems are more resilient to climate change and other natural perturbations.