What are some political events that happened in the 1950s?

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mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There were several political events that happened in the 1950s. Some involved the United States and other countries while some only impacted the United States.

In the realm of foreign affairs, there were several significant events that occurred. In 1953, the conflict in Korea came to an end. This conflict, which began in 1950, left the boundary between North Korea and South Korea unchanged. Additionally, South Korea remained noncommunist. In 1956, the Vietnam War began. When South Vietnam didn’t hold the elections that were scheduled to be held in 1956, North Vietnam went to war against South Vietnam. In the 1950s, our involvement in the Vietnam War was minimal. That would change dramatically in the 1960s. The United States and the Soviet Union entered the Space Race. The Soviet Union was the first country to launch a satellite into space in 1957. This set off a panic in the United States that we were falling behind the Soviet Union. In 1958, we launched our first satellite into space.

Domestically, there were several major events, especially in the area of civil rights. The Supreme Court ruled that the concept of “separate but equal” was unconstitutional in the Brown v Board of Education case in 1954. The Montgomery Bus Boycott began in 1955 and ended when segregation on buses was declared unconstitutional. Martin Luther King, Jr. became the leader of the nonviolent civil rights movement.

The 1950s was a time of significant progress and development. People began to move to the suburbs. There were new medical breakthroughs such as the development of the polio vaccine. People were buying new items such as air conditioners and television sets. Many new highways were built as a result of the passage of the Federal Highway Act. Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected President in 1952. He won reelection in 1956.

The 1950s was a busy decade both at home and abroad.