What are some points to prove that in the novel Brave New World, it is NOT survival of the fittest?this is for a english debate. The statement is: Such a society, where some people have to suffer...

What are some points to prove that in the novel Brave New World, it is NOT survival of the fittest?

this is for a english debate. The statement is: Such a society, where some people have to suffer while others thrive is important; it is the theory of life: Survival of the Fittest

-I am on the negative side

Expert Answers
mwestwood eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Without the natural reproduction of human beings, the New World and its Bokanovsky Groups preclude natural selection and survival of the fittest in Aldous Huxley's Brave New World.  For, each group is genetically engineered; thus, traits are controlled so that each group will be identical and satisfied with their stations in life.  With the conditioning of hypnopedia, also, there is no struggle of one group with another as they do not desire any contact.  No one aspires to be other than what she or he is.  For instance, Lenina frequently tells Henry Foster on their date that she is glad that she is not an Epsilon.

When some of the residents of the New World, such as Bernard Marx and Helmholtz Watson prove that they are not exactly as they have been designed to be, they still do not survive on their strengths because Mustapha Mond, one of the ten World Controllers, exiles them to islands where their controversial ideas and/or behaviors will not compete with or influence others.

pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

I agree with the previous posts.  There is no struggle between the castes because of all the genetic and psychological engineering that they undergo.

Another thing that you might think about is whether the "fittest" really thrive in this society.  I assume that you would think of the Alphas as the fittest.  But aren't they the ones who are most likely to become unhappy and need to be exiled?  It seems as if they might be the ones who thrive least.

Overall, though, I really do not think this book is about Darwinian struggle.  Instead, it is about a society that has tried to do away with anything resembling such a struggle.

dreamer67xo | Student

Well in a society that is "survival of the fittest" some would die out why others that are genetically superior would survive. However, in Huxely's New World all people are genetically engineered to die at sixty. In a society that is survival of the fittest people would not be engineered and consequently would die at different times.

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Brave New World

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