What are some plant and animal species that survive in the temperate coniferous forest biome?

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marbar57 | Elementary School Teacher | (Level 3) Associate Educator

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Ah, the cool, green pines that stretch up as far as you can see; the soft mat of pine needles underneath your feet as you walk; the staccato tapping of a woodpecker; the scolding chatter of a chipmunk; the crashing of a large animal through the underbrush--these are some of the sights and sounds of the Temperate coniferous forest biome.

This type of biome is found wherever there is adequate rainfall, warm summers, and cool winters.  Coniferous trees (have needles; keep their leaves in the fall) make up the majority of the forests, but it's not uncommon to find broadleaf deciduous trees (lose their leaves in the fall) such as Aspen, Maple, or Oak.  Some of the varieties of coniferous trees are Douglas Fir, White Fir, White Pine, Redwood, Blue Spruce, Cypress, and Cedar.  On the forest floor can be found several varieties of water-loving mosses, ferns, grasses, herbs, and bushes.  The soil is rich, moist, and loose so the undergrowth is prolific.

In the forests, animal life is abundant!  Deer, elk, moose, porcupines, skunks, foxes, wolves, mink, weasel, wolverines, bears, pica, chipmunks, squirrels, rabbits, mice, and snakes live amongst the cool shrubbery and in the trees.  In and near the streams and lakes beaver, otter, raccoons, muskrats, frogs, toads, salamanders, and a variety of fish swim, play, and cavort.  High overhead, many species of birds can be found:  swallows, blue-jays, cardinals, chickadees, nuthatches, flickers, woodpeckers, robins, wrens, owls, hawks, eagles, falcons, osprey, ducks, geese, pelicans, cranes . . . and the list goes on and on! 

This type of biome is quite possibly the most popular, the most charming, and the most pristine of all the biomes on earth.  It's also very valuable in terms of natural resources such as lumber products, peat moss, and berries.  It is truly a delightful paradise!

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