A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift

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What are some of the other "expedients" that the author suggests in "A Modest Proposal"?

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Ultimately, Swift's narrator isn't actually offering other suggestions or expedients—he believes that his proposal is the best one—but, rather, he declares that "no man [should] talk to [him]" of these other potential measures for dealing with the Irish because there is no "glimpse of hope, that there will ever be some hearty and sincere attempt to put them into practice." This is still Swift's narrator speaking, but, Swift, through this narrator, insinuates that people are too corrupt, too vain, too lazy, and too lacking in mercy and compassion to actually pursue these other possible expedients, and this is the reason he has had to pen such a ludicrous piece of satire in the first place.

He says that one such expedient would be to tax the English who live abroad. A second would be to use only products that are "of our own growth and manufacture"—items made at home and not abroad. Third, he says that citizens could reject "the materials and instruments that promote foreign luxury." If...

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