According to the most recent statistics compiled by the World Bank, about 10 percent of the world's population lives in extreme poverty, which means that they survive on less than 1.90 USD per day. Over half of these extremely poor people live in the developing nations of Sub-Saharan Africa. There are several serious effects of poverty in developing countries.
One of the major problems stemming from poverty is an absence of adequate health care. The lack of clean water and proper sanitation leads to rampant infectious diseases, which cause the deaths of millions in developing countries. Among the most serious of these are malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS.
Another major problem associated with poverty in developing countries is increased crime. Where there is widespread unemployment and a lack of economic opportunities, many people tend to turn to criminal activity to survive.
A lack of education is another result of poverty in developing countries. Children and teenagers have to leave school early to help support their families in some instances, and in others, there are simply no schools close enough for children to attend.
These problems tend to affect one another. For example, better education is tied to better health because people learn how to prevent infectious diseases. Educated mothers seek immunizations for their children and learn how to better care for them, and as a result, children are more likely to live longer.
Poverty also hinders the empowerment of women. On the other hand, when women are able to break the cycle of poverty and become educated, they are less likely to marry at a very young age. They will also be able to assist in raising their family's standard of living by becoming involved in the workforce.
In developing countries, these problems often follow a cyclical pattern: poverty leads to poor health and a lack of education, and poor health and little education in turn contribute to ongoing poverty.