What are some of the literary devices used in "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" by Joyce Carol Oates? 

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mattbuckley | High School Teacher | (Level 2) Assistant Educator

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The story "Where are You Going, Where Have You Been?" is a horrifying tale that tell fictionalizes the true tale of the Pied Piper of Tuscon. The story uses many literary devices throughout which has made it a classic short story used in many college Literature and Composition classes.

The story employs the use of foreshadowing as it shows the protagonist, Connie, attempting to be grown up. She sneaks away "ducking fast across the busy road, to a drive-in restaurant where older kids hung out." This foreshadows the ending where she is forced, due to the attention of a man who saw her at the drive-in, to make a very grown up decision and save her family. Due to this plot, it is classified as a bildungsroman story. 

Another literary device that is used in duration is symbolism. The majority of the story, after Arnold Friend shows up, takes place with Connie standing in the doorway. This symbolises her being stuck between a child and an adult. In the end she chooses to walk through the doorway and into adulthood, saving her family from the violence of Arnold but at the expense of herself.