The first literary device used in this scene is meter. Rather than being written in prose, the speeches are written in iambic pentameter. This means that each line in the longer speeches consists of five iambic "feet." An iambic foot consists of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable. This rhythmical pattern is repeated five times in most lines, with occasional variations.
Next, the content of the scene is presented to us by "mimesis". In other words, the actors in the play pretend to be characters speaking to each other, rather than there being a narrator who tells a story.
The scene uses the device of "simile", meaning a direct comparison using a comparative term such as "like" or "as." An example of this is the line "Like quills upon the fretful porpentine."
The ghost also uses the technique of praeteritio, or calling attention to something by claiming to avoid the topic, as when he says "I could a tale unfold whose lightest word . . ."
The ghost also uses the technique of
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