What are some literary devices employed by Salman Rushdie in Chapter 2 of Haroun and the Sea of Stories?
There are examples of figurative language in Chapter 2. For example, the bus driver's hair is "standing straight up on his head, like a parrot's crest" (page 33). In this simile (a comparison using like or as), the bus driver's hair is compared to the tufts of feathers on a parrot. The vista of the Valley of K is compared to "a view spread out like a magic carpet" (page 34), which is also a simile.
There are several examples of alliteration, or the repetition of the beginning sounds of words, such as "carrying chickens or children" (page 32) and "the result was a free-for-all out of which feathers and feathers and toys and dislodged hats kept flying" (page 32).
Another literary device employed by Rushdie in this chapter is personification. For example, "a cloud...hopped up from the gorge below them and plopped itself down on the road" (page 38). In this example, the cloud is given human-like abilities, such as the capacity to plop and hop.
Irony is one literary device, which is a literary technique since it is an optional choice made by the author (as opposed to literary elements that are not optional, like character and point of view).
There is rich irony present in the signs posted for the drivers of the Mail Coaches and there is irony in the dialogue of Rashid and Haroun as well as irony in the witty intrusive narrator's tone.
The passengers (who all looked alike, now that their perspiration had finished turning the dust that covered them to mud) began to complain.