What are some literary devices (i.e. simile metaphor personification) in The Crossing by Gary Paulsen?

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literaturenerd | High School Teacher | (Level 2) Educator Emeritus

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Multiple literary devices can be found on the very first page of Gary Paulsen's The Crossing. The first sentence alone contains personification and alliteration. Alliteration is the repetition of a consonant sound (normally within a line of poetry). In the very first sentence, the "k" sound of "cooked" and "cardboard repeats; also, the "h" sound in "head" and "heated" repeats. Personification is seen in the idea of the sun cooking. Personification defines the giving of human characteristics to both non-human and non-living things. While the heat of the sun can burn things, the sun cannot actually cook.

Another literary device, found in the second sentence of the second paragraph (chapter one), is a hyperbole. A hyperbole is an exaggeration (typically used for effect). In the text, the narrator states that Juarez was "made of noise." While this is not meant to be taken literal, the hyperbolic language gives readers a very specific idea of just how noisy the town is.