What are some literary devices (i.e. simile metaphor personification) in The Crossing by Gary Paulsen?

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Similes are among the literary devices used in The Crossing by Gary Paulsen. For example, when Manny contemplates stealing Robert’s wallet, he compares his planned swift movements to that of a night animal. On the other hand, hyperbole is another literary device that is used in the story. For instance, when Manny explains the number of runners who were caught trying to run across the bridge, he claims that they were approximately a thousand despite not knowing the actual number. He does so to make the reader understand that many people attempted to cross over to the North. Furthermore, metaphors are used in the story. A case in point is when Robert describes Manny’s appearance. He compares his dirty look to the color gray.

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Multiple literary devices can be found on the very first page of Gary Paulsen's The Crossing. The first sentence alone contains personification and alliteration. Alliteration is the repetition of a consonant sound (normally within a line of poetry). In the very first sentence, the "k" sound of "cooked" and "cardboard repeats; also, the "h" sound in "head" and "heated" repeats. Personification is seen in the idea of the sun cooking. Personification defines the giving of human characteristics to both non-human and non-living things. While the heat of the sun can burn things, the sun cannot actually cook.

Another literary device, found in the second sentence of the second paragraph (chapter one), is a hyperbole. A hyperbole is an exaggeration (typically used for effect). In the text, the narrator states that Juarez was "made of noise." While this is not meant to be taken literal, the hyperbolic language gives readers a very specific idea of just how noisy the town is.

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