What are some kinds of solution?
In chemistry, a solution is a homogeneous mixture composed of only one phase. In such a mixture, a solute is a substance dissolved in another substance, known as a solvent. Thesolvent does the dissolving. The solution more or less takes on the characteristics of the solvent including its phase, and the solvent is commonly the major fraction of the mixture. The concentration of a solute in a solution is a measure of how much of that solute is dissolved in the solvent.
Well, you have defined what a solution is within your additional comments. A solution is anything that is dissolved within anything else. Water has been called the "universal solvent, meaning many substances can dissolve in water. Sugar, granular white table sugar, will dissolve quite readily in water, making a solution of sugar-water. This sugar water may be made in varying strengths, from slightly sweet, to overly-sweet. Salt, good old sodium chloride, table salt, is another substance that will readily dissolve in water. As with the sugar, varying strengths of solutions may be produced by dissolving a little salt or a lot of salt. Liquids may be used to make solutions as well. Alcohol is slightly soluble in water, depending on the length of its primary carbon chain it is attached to . Methanol and ethanol will both dissolve in water. Just about any substance you can think of that will dissolve in water may be used to make a solution of some sort.