In the first stave of A Christmas Carol, the following quote is really important in characterizing Scrooge:
Oh! But he was a tight-fisted hand at the grindstone, Scrooge! a squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous old sinner! Hard and sharp as flint.
In this quote, Dickens uses a metaphor to characterize Scrooge as an unfeeling miser. Instead of just simply describing his characteristics, Dickens compares Scrooge to a piece of flint. This is significant because it helps the reader realize the extent of Scrooge's negative attributes. He is not just an unfeeling person, his heart is, in fact, comparable to a piece of stone.
Next, this quote from stave two is also important in portraying Scrooge's transformation:
"Nothing,'' said Scrooge. "Nothing. There was a boy singing a Christmas Carol at my door last night. I should like to have given him something: that's all."
As he travels back in time to his old school, Scrooge's character transformation is already underway. In...
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