Whether it constitutes as "innovation" is something that remains to be seen. Yet, the emphasis on developing technology or instructional approaches through programs that "improve student test scores" has been one of the most significant changes to the educational industry in the past decade. As more districts have been impacted by No Child Left Behind with even more being impacted by Race to the Top, the education industry has been inundated with programs and software that have promised to enhance student performance. These changes have been innovative in their approach to the teacher's role in education. Transforming the teacher's role from trusted leader to more of a proctor in a larger process, this change has altered how education is perceived and understood. Districts now feel pressured, or at the very least encouraged, to appropriate such programs to their own schools. The marketplace is filled with educational consultants, new programs, enhancements, and other entities that promise "results" in the form of improved performance on external assessment. This has enabled new paths for revenue to be developed and have forever transformed the realm of education to be forever linked with the reality of external assessment in some form another, changing the role of teacher to proctor or outsider in the process of educating children.