"I sometimes felt a twinge of remorse, when passing by the old place, at ever having taken part in what must have been sheer torment to Arthur Radley - what reasonable recluse wants chldren peeping through his shutters, delivering greetings on the end of a fishing-pole, wandering in his collards at night?" (245).
Here, Scout shows how much she has matured over the course of the novel, putting herself in Arthur's shoes and realizing how insensitive she, Jem, and Dill were by bothering him.
"Well, coming out of the courthouse that night Miss Gates was ... talking with Miss Stephanie Crawford. I heard her say it's time somebody taught 'em a lesson, they were gettin' way above thesmelves, an' the next thing they think that can do is marry us. Jem, how can you hate Hitler so bad an' then turn around and be ugly about folks right at home -" (249-250).
Here, Scout recognizes her teacher's hypocrisy. Miss Gates has just taught them how terrible it is what Hitler is doing to the Jews in Europe, but she is saying the Blacks in Maycomb need to be taught a lesson to keep them in their proper place. Jem gets so angry at Scout's question, he leaps off the bed and shakes Scout, saying, "I never wanna hear about that courthouse again, ever, ever, you hear me?" (250). He is angry because he cannot make sense out of the hypocrisy and prejudice, so he doesn't even want to think about it anymore.
"It might be because he knows in his heart that very few people in Maycomb believed his and Mayella's yarns. He thought he'd be a hero, but all he got for his pain was ... was, okay, we'll convict this Negro but get back to your dump" (253).
This is Atticus explaining why, despite his win in court, Mr. Ewell is still so angry. He's gone after the judge, he's gone after Helen Robinson, and he's spit in Atticus's face. Soon, he will go after Atticus's children. Aunt Alexandra seems to have a premonition something eveil is about to happen at the end of the chapter when she says, "Somebody just walked over my grave" (256).
"Jem was becoming almost as good as Atticus at making you feel right when things went wrong" (261).
This shows that Scout recognizes how much Jem has matured. He has just tried to comfort her after she was told by Mrs. Merriweather that she had "ruined her pageant." Jem shows he has learned compassion and kindness from his father. He will soon show he has also learned courage and sacrifice as he risks his life to save his sister, pulling Mr. Ewell off her during the attack.
"Something crushed the chicken wire around me. Metal ripped on metal and I fell to the ground and rolled as far as I could, floundering to escape my wire prison" (264).
This shows just how much danger Scout is in. Jem is able to pull Mr. Ewell off her the first time, but the second time, Jem is lying unconscious on the ground. It's up to Boo Radley to save her.