What are some important facts of gender value in the Elizabethan society and Roman Society? Like how men were seen as the leaders and the women inferiors in the roman society.

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amy-lepore eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There are only two women in Julius Caesar, and both are depicted as relatively strong, noble women married to upper-class and important men.  Portia especially illustrates Roman strength by stabbing herself in the thigh to convince Brutus that she is able to handle whatever it bothering him.  However, she shows a weaker side when she is waiting for Lucius to return from the senate to report on Brutus and his activities by saying, "Ay, me!  How weak a thing the heart of woman is!"

Women, however, in both Roman and Elizabethan societies were expected to be seen and not heard.  They were not considered as intelligent or grounded as men, and incapable of making decisions where important issues of state and politics were concerned.

This is quite interesting since Elizabeth I was an amazingly intelligent, bold, and effective leader.  Some critics believe that Shakespeare gave Portia a moment of weakness in order to put her a step below the great Elizabeth I...no female character should be stronger than the monarch.

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