Slavery in the Nineteenth Century

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What are some identifications (including who, what, when, where, and significance) of the following terms: American Anti-Slavery Society, American Temperance Union, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Thirteenth Amendment, Seneca Falls Convention, utopian communities, and the early nineteenth century?    

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American Anti-Slavery Society: The American Anti-Slavery Society was founded in 1833 by Theodore Weld, Arthur Tappan, and Lewis Tappan in New York City. William Lloyd Garrison and Frederick Douglas were highly involved in this movement that advocated for immediate abolition of slavery in the US. This abolitionist movement spread the cause of abolition in the northern states.

American Temperance Union: The American Temperance Union, also known as the American Society for the Promotion of Temperance, was founded in 1826 in Boston, Massachusetts, by presbyterians ministers Dr. Justin Edwards and Lyman Beecher. The American Temperance Union promoted the abstention from distilled liquors. This union catalyzed the national temperance movement.

Uncle Tom’s Cabin: This novel was written by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1851 and reflected the abolitionist movement of the time. The novel depicted the horrors of slavery and humanized enslaved black people. The novel sold in great numbers in the northern states and in England.

Thirteenth Amendment: This amendment of the United States Constitution declared that slavery would be outlawed except for in the case of punishment for a crime. This amendment has been hailed as the liberation of black people from chattel slavery. However, the Thirteenth Amendment's loophole of slavery being allowed as punishment for a crime led to horrific Jim Crow laws that essentially criminalized black existence in the century following emancipation. The amendment was ratified on December 6, 1865, by the US congress.

Seneca Falls Convention: The Seneca Falls Convention, held in 1848, was the first official women’s rights convention in the US. The convention occurred in Seneca Falls, New York and catalyzed the women's suffrage movement. The five women who organized the conference were staunch abolitionists and made the call for the abolition of slavery as an integral part of the convention.

Utopian Communities, early ninteenth century: Utopian communities were significantly growing in popularity in the early-to-mid 1900s, perhaps do to the beginning of industrialization and a heightened capitalist society. They were often made of members who were interested in living outside the confines of mainstream society. Some of these communities were purely secular, though many held strict religious principles, often representing the extremes of a religion or spirituality.

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