What are some good pieces of literature to look at on the topic of American individualism?What are some good pieces of literature to look at on the topic of American individualism?

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mstultz72 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Perhaps the greatest novel about American individualism is Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, which T. S. Eliot and Ernest Hemingway both agree is the great American novel.  Hemingway said, in fact, it is the novel from which "all modern literature comes..."  This picaresque (novel about a rogue) shows Huck on an episodic adventure, (mainly) alone in an unjust American society.  Through ironic wit, Twain shows why it's better live outside pro-slavery society.

There's also Melville’s Moby Dick who likewise resonates the “No in Thunder”

Henry David Thoreau’s Walden, Civil Disobedience: he chose to live outside pro-war (Mexican War) society

Hester Prynne (Scarlet Letter) as adulteress, forced to live outside Puritanical society

Other good choices:

Invisible Man

Billy Budd, Bartleby the Scrivener

The Catcher in the Rye

The Great Gatsby


The Declaration of Independence

My Antonia


The Crying of Lot 49

cfett eNotes educator| Certified Educator

You've gotten a lot of novel recommendations here, all great; I will add some other types of literature here.  "discussion" mentioned Emerson, Thoreau, and Whitman, and for good reason -- Emerson and Thoreau were basically the fathers of Transcendentalism, a literary movement highly based around independent thought, and some critics also consider Whitman to be a sort of Transcendentalist.  Specifically, look at Whitman's "Song of Myself," one portion of which declares the great quote, "I sound my barbaric yawp over the roofs of the world!"  Thoreau wrote an excellent essay titled "Civil Disobedience", or "Resistance to Civil Government", on which Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. based many of his writings, including King's great "Letter from Birmingham Jail".  Finally, take a look at some of the great Harlem Renaissance writers, including Langston Hughes, who wrote poems such as "I, Too, Sing America" and "Let America Be America Again" (coincidentally, good partner poems with Whitman's "I Hear America Singing"). 

susan3smith eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Modern books might include Keasey's One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest; Updike's Rabbit, Run; Franzen's Corrections.  These explore essentially American struggles for identity and independence in the midst of conformity and facelessness.  More feminist novels might include Chopin's The Awakening and Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God.

amy-lepore eNotes educator| Certified Educator

You've gotten a lot of great suggestions here already. American literature isn't my strenght, but I will add to the list:  Edith Wharton's  Ethan Frome and her short story, "Roman Fever". Richard Wright's Native Son might also be a good one to consider.  Nathaniel Hawthorne's Scarlet Letter is another good example of this theme.

copelmat eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The little known John Steinbeck novel To a God Unknown might serve your purposes fairly well. It is a novel that examines the nature of belief, but in it we several characters who rebel from society and from family in a variety of ways. The novel is rather dark, but is nevertheless a great read.

mwestwood eNotes educator| Certified Educator

A delightful novella of an individual who is rather eccentric, perhaps, is Truman Capote's The Grass Harp. Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea, A Farewell to Arms, and Toni Morrison's Song of Solomon have characters who retain or find their individual souls. 

scarletpimpernel eNotes educator| Certified Educator

I would also try Lorraine Hansberry A Raisin in the Sun, because Beneatha's and Walter's characters struggle with trying to be their own person and not assimilating into someone else's culture or someone else's opinion on how they should be/act.


teachertaylor eNotes educator| Certified Educator

And I'll add on Ayn Rand's The Fountainhead.  The protagonist of the novel, Roark, prides himself on his individual talent and ability to "break the mold."  It's interesting to see what he both gains and loses in the process.

lmetcalf eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Kate Chopin's  The Awakening is a great fit for that theme.  Her struggle to define herself separate from the roles she has play in her society bring to light multifaceted and essential questions for many people. 

lnorton eNotes educator| Certified Educator

I'd go with Melville's "Bartleby the Scrivener." The story is so wonderfully complex that it has many meanings, but a major focus is the loss of self in the wake of the industrial revolution/urban sprawl.

discussion | Student

Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Walt Whitman