To name a few:
In what way is the story a simple folk tale, and in what way is it more universal?
Trace the relationship of Juana and Kino from the beginning to the end and how they evolve differently as the story develops.
Kino is punished for having betrayed an age-old law of "keeping one's place." Discuss.
Identify and discuss the lyrical elements in "The Pearl" and how they enhance both the story line and the theme.
Trace the use of both light and sound as symbols throughout the story.
Identify and discuss the stock characters in "The Pearl"; as stereotypes what do they represent?
What is the tandem of fate and choice in this story, and what observations can be made from this duality?
Below are references you should find helpful as well.