What are some foods diabetics can eat and some they should avoid?

Expert Answers
besure77 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Diabetics need to be very watchful of what they eat.

Proteins are considered to be a fairly safe food choice for diabetics. They do not raise sugar levels and they are not incredibly high in calories. Diabetic experts suggest that proteins should make up approximately 12-20% of the daily caloric intake for a diabetic. Foods high in protein are fish, lentils, and soy.

Carbohydrates contribute to high levels of sugar in the blood. People with diabetes should eat complex carbohydrates which are found in vegetables and whole grains. Simple carbohydrates should be avoided. Experts suggest that carbohydrates make up approximately 40-60% of the daily caloric intake for a diabetic.

As far as fats are concerned, diabetics should stick with monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. These are fats that are found in plant products. Experts suggest that fats make up approximately 30-35% of the daily caloric intake for a diabetic.

It is always very important for people with any type of diabetes to discuss a diet plan with their physician.


dano7744 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Carbohydrates:  foods they can eat, bran, barley, apples, berries, peaches, cabbage, carrots, celery.

foods to avoid: breakfast cereals, white bread, cakes, biscuits, pancakes, doughnuts, prunes, potato, watermelon.

Protein: foods they can eat, beans, soybeans, peanuts, chicken ( no skin), turkey. pork, eggs.

Fats: they can eat, avacado, sunflower, salmon, tuna, mackeral, nuts, seeds, unsaturated spreadable margarine.

fats to avoid: anything batter fried, coconut oil, butter, cream, cheese, yogurt, ice cream, whole fat milk.

Also, avoid anything with concentrated sugars, like fructose.

art4peaceofmind | Student

First we must come clean about what "Diabetic" means.  There are 2 types of diabatics.  Type I Diabetes occurs when the pancreas can no longer produce any insulin--it is basically dead.  These diabetics must monitor their blood glucose (BG) and anticipate how much insulin they need to cover each meal they eat.  These people benefit most by obtaining an insulin pump.  It acts as a mechanical pancreas and will calculate and release the neccessary amount of insulin needed.

Now, Type II diabetics have partial pancreatic function.  Many times they can get by with a scrict diet of few complex carbs, higher protein and regular monitoring of their BG using a monitor.

By far the most normal life (eating the same foods you like, excersizing at a comfortable level, etc) can be obtained by using an insulin pump.  Minimed is the leader in development with Omnipod close behind.

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