What are some figures of speech that Poe uses in his poem "The Sleeper"? Ex: metaphors, similes, hyperbole, any other types

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Poe uses both simile and personification to create the strange atmosphere of this poem. The "wanton airs" are personified as "laughingly" dropping through the lattice. He metaphorically describes the vapor from the golden moon as "opiate," unsurprisingly so given his own probable use of drugs. The lake is likened to Lethe, the river of forgetfulness in myth. Personification again occurs when he characterizes the "wanton" air as "fearfully" stirring the curtain canopy; and a final time, the "forest vault" in which he wishes to enclose the dead girl is personified as "triumphant."

What I find more interesting as a literary device than these incidental instances of simile and metaphor is the irony with which Poe imbues the verses. He is outwardly expressing his wish that the young lady rest peacefully. But the imagery throughout the poem is anything but peaceful. The drug reference, the "wanton airs" in their "wizard rout," the "pale-sheeted ghosts" passing by, and the "worms" creeping about her...

(The entire section contains 3 answers and 553 words.)

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