Christian Dior was one of the most influential designers of the 1940s. He was born in France in 1905 to a wealthy family. His family had hopes of him becoming a diplomat but he instead pursued his dream of fashion design.
"Dior's look employed fabrics lined predominantly with percale, boned, bustier-style bodices, hip padding, wasp-waisted corsets and petticoats that made his dresses flare out from the waist, giving his models a very curvaceous form."
Pierre Balmain was another French born fashion designer. He was known for his simple tailored suits and grand evening gowns. He also popularized the stole.
Claire Cardell an American born fashion designer was known for her ready to wear clothing line. She designed functional and affordable sportswear.