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One of the most famous landmarks in Antarctica is Vinson Massif, the highest mountain on the continent at over 16,000 feet. Mount Erebus, located on Ross Island and measuring over 12,000 feet, is the second tallest volcano in Antarctica, and it is the southernmost active volcano in the world. It also has a lava lake, which glows without stop, and an observatory managed by the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology. The Ross Ice Shelf, measuring 600 miles in length, is the largest ice shelf in Antarctica. It is composed of ice and attached the land and fed by a glacier. Other landmarks include research stations, such as the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, run by the United States, and the Vostok Research Station, run by Russia. Over 30 countries have research stations on Antarctica, though some are permanent, and some only run during the summer.
The best known geographic landmark in Antarctica is the South Pole, the southernmost point on the planet, which was first reached by Roald Amundsen in 1911. Vinson Massif is the highest mountain on the continent while the Ross Ice Shelf is the largest floating ice formation. Ross Island is the home of the volcano Mount Erebus. The Antarctic Penninsula is the warmest part of the continent, where plant life is most abundant.
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