The Middle Colonies included New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. These colonies were far more religiously and ethnically diverse than New England. For example, Quakers settled in Pennsylvania, along with German farmers, and the colonies were also home to Dutch and Scotch-Irish people. While the New England colonies practiced Puritanism, the Middle Colonies practiced a variety of religions and included Mennonites, Lutherans, Dutch Calvinists, and others. Pennsylvania and New York were known for their religious tolerance, and Jews also settled in New York.
Economically, the Middle Colonies were in many ways a combination of the New England colonies and the South. The Middle Colonies had some industry as New England did, such as shipbuilding, and they were also the "bread basket" of the colonies, as they grew crops such as rye and wheat. Ports like New York became prosperous from trade.