What are some examples of volcanic eruptions in ancient Southeast Asia?I have one example already, which is: "Mount Merapi erupted and killed many people and covered Borobodur complex with ash." I...
What are some examples of volcanic eruptions in ancient Southeast Asia?
I have one example already, which is: "Mount Merapi erupted and killed many people and covered Borobodur complex with ash."
I need 2 more examples.. thanks a lot! :)
At about 74,000 years ago, Mount Toba on the island of Sumatra erupted in a massive explosion that supposedly rocked the Middle Palaeolithic world to its very foundations, bringing contemporary human populations to their knees, reducing the global population level to around 15,000 individuals, thereby precipitating a so-called bottle-neck of human evolution, as proposed by Stanley Ambrose, from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, discussed in this BBC News article from 1998, and in an essay at the Bradshaw Foundation, in the same year.
The volcano Krakatoa is located on Rakata, an island in the Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra, Indonesia. Its eruption in 1883 was one of the most catastrophic ever witnessed in recorded history. Until recently, its only known previous eruption was a moderate one in 1680. On the afternoon of Aug. 26, 1883, the first of a series of increasingly violent explosions occurred. A black cloud of ash rose 17 miles (27 kilometers) above Krakatoa. On the morning of the next day, tremendous explosions were heard 2,200 miles (3,540 kilometers) away in Australia. Ash was propelled to a height of 50 miles (80 kilometers), blocking the sun and plunging the surrounding region into darkness for two and a half days.
Volcano, Deaths, Major Cause of Deaths (Year)
1. Tambora, Indonesia 92,000 Starvation (1815)
2. Krakatau, Indonesia 36,417 Tsunami (1883)
3. Kelut, Indonesia 5,510 Mudflows (1919)
4. Galunggung, Indonesia 4,011 Mudflows (1882)
5. Papandayan, Indonesia 2,597 Ash flows (1772)
6. Taal, Philippines 1,335 Ash flows (1911)
7. Mayon, Philippines 1,200 Mudflows (1814)
8. Agung, Indonesia 1,184 Ash flows (1963)
9. Pinatubo, Philippines 800 Disease (1991)
10. Hibok-Hibok, Philippines 500 Ash flows (1951)
*Tambora and Krakatau are 1st and 2nd deadliest in world history