What are some examples of symbiosis (biology)?

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The world of biology has a variety of examples of mutually beneficial relationships in close proximity (symbiotic relationships).  Beginning with an example easy to remember due to "Finding Nemo" (:D)

  • a sea anemone and a clown fish: The anemone provides a safe home that many sea creatures shy away from....

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The world of biology has a variety of examples of mutually beneficial relationships in close proximity (symbiotic relationships).  Beginning with an example easy to remember due to "Finding Nemo" (:D)

  • a sea anemone and a clown fish: The anemone provides a safe home that many sea creatures shy away from.  The clown fish provides food (waste), and a personal maid service (keeping the anemone clean).
  • oxpeckers and zebras or black rhinos: oxpeckers get food and the mammals get pest relief, clean ears, and a security alarm (the birds fly up and scream a warning) - which is especially important to the black rhino as it has poor eyesight and relies on hearing instead.
  • humans and the bacteria within certain organs (e.g. intestines).  The bacteria gets its energy source and the human gets help with digestion.
  • Acacia ants and the swollen thorn acacia tree: the tree doesn't have the chemicals other acacias have to protect them from vines and hungry creatures.  The stinging ants gain a shelter among the acacia's thorns and delicious food especially good for their larvae.
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