What are some examples of solitude in the book "One Hundred Years of Solitude"?
First, there is Macondo. The town has been on its own, hardly ever visited, but you feel its almost trapped in some foreign dimension, alone in a bracket of time where nobody had even died yet, hence, "they had not even built a cemetery".
Jose Arcadio, the town's founder is a mirror image of Macondo. He is a loner, obsessed with things that only matter to him, and he is also a demo of solitude.
The death of Aureliano at the beginning of the story shows a man abandoned by his society and circumstances, wondering away at times long gone.
The final days of rain send Macondo back to its bare origins, even after the invasion of capitalism, imperialism, and all the forms of government that took it over.Again, solitude is their fate.
The end of the story, which shows that Macondo had a pre-destination to be what it is, is the basic final demo that this place was meant to suffer from solitude.
There are several examples of solitude throughout the novel. Perhaps the largest one is the town of Macondo itself. It's isolated from any other towns and the residents have little idea of what's going on outside. When the gypsies come, they bring new technology that could have been around for years but seems like magic to the locals.
Even when the Americans come in and set up the banana plantations, the people of Macondo aren't very involved in the affairs, continuing their isolation.
Secondly, Jose Arcadio finds the town but essentially dies alone. During the last years of his life, he's considered to be crazy and spends his time tied to a tree outside. The family visits him every now and then, but he dies in solitude.
After José Arcadio (the son) dies, Rebecca shuts herself up in a house and passes nearly all of her life alone. She never leaves and her family isn't even sure that she's alive until they find her later on in the novel.
After fighting for his beliefs, Coronel Aureliano chooses to spend the majority of his life alone in the workshop creating gold goldfish. He rarely leaves and rarely has contact with anyone outside of the workshop.
Lastly, despite Macondo making what most would consider progress, it's isolated again by the end of the novel and reinforces the idea of solitude.