What are some examples of sociological concepts?
Sociology is filled with all sorts of sociological concepts (ideas), covering a wide range of topics. Here are some examples to familiarize yourself with.
- Norm: A norm is a specific expectation about how people should behave in society. Norms are agreed upon and understood by everyone in a society and relate to a wide range of behaviors. Not eating with your mouth open is an example of a social norm.
- Value: Values are more abstract than norms, but, again, they relate to acceptable standards of behavior. Values are what a society aspires to be. Being tolerant of other religions is an example of a value in our society.
- Culture: Culture describes the shared norms, values, and beliefs of a specific group of people. Culture is, therefore, a force that binds people together and unites them.
- Gender: Gender refers to the cultural aspects of being male or female. It also relates to how society expects a male or female to behave.
- Ethnicity: Ethnicity refers to the shared norms, values, and beliefs of a specific race of people.
For more sociological concepts, take a look at the reference link provided.
Here are a few basic ones:
- Sociological imagination. This is something all good sociologists must have. It is the ability to be able to think about everything from very personal subjects (sex and marriage, for example) to impersonal (globalization) and to see connections between the two.
- Functionalism. A major sociological theory that says that every aspect of our society (from family to poverty) exists because it has a function in keeping our society stable.
- Conflict perspective. A Marxist approach that says that most aspects of our society are brought about through conflict between different groups of people in society.
- Interactionism. A third approach that says that we interact with one another and our society based on the meaning we give to our actions and to the things we interact with.