What are some examples of literary devices in A Christmas Carol?

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A perennial favorite of audiences of all ages, A Christmas Carol is a classical tale of a miserly old man who finds himself confronted with his present, past, and future. In this confrontation, Scrooge is uncomfortable with much of what is shown to him; consequently, he resolves to reform.

In order to describe his characters, especially Ebenezer Scrooge, Charles Dickens employs certain literary devices. Here are some: 

Stave One

Metaphor (unstated comparisons):

  • "But he [Scrooge] was a tight-fisted hand at the grindstone"
  • "a squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous old sinner!"
  • "A frosty rime was on his head, and on his eyebrows, and his wiry chin."

Simile: (stated comparisons using "like" or "as")

  • [Scrooge is] "Sharp as flint"
  • "Solitary as an oyster"
  • "Candles were flaring in the windows of the neighbouring offices, like ruddy smears upon the palpable brown air."

Alliteration: (repetition of initial consonant sounds)

  • "No warmth could warm, no wintry weather chill him." /w/

(The entire section contains 4 answers and 700 words.)

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