At the end of the Trojan War, Odysseus declares that he himself won the ultimate battle. He declares that he alone thought of the the idea of creating a Trojan Horse. Odysseus is filled with excessive pride. He refuses to acknowledge the gods as having any direct connection with his human affairs, even though Poseidon sent a sea monster to destroy the Trojan who did not believe the Trojan Horse was a gift.
Truly, Odysseus does not acknowledge the gods along his journey. He is self sufficient and filled with pride. He does not need help from the gods. He is a strong, self-willed man. He uses his wit and strength to make it through each obstacle along his way while trying to reach Ithaca:
In the Odyssey, however, we are given an opportunity to see Odysseus at the center of the stage, doing what he does best—getting out of difficult situations as easily as he seems to get into them—but in a much different light.
Odysseus uses his wit, guile and intelligence to overcome each obstacle found in his path. He does not need the gods because he is self sufficient. He is smart. He understands how to overcome each obstacle. He refuses to acknowledge the gods as resources.
Proudly, Odysseus shouts out his name to the Cyclops as he is leaving his territory. While it would have been better to keep his identity unknown, Odysseus proudly yells out his name to further torment the Cyclops. Odysseus and his excessive pride cause more problems for Odysseus and his men. Now Poseidon, the father of the Cyclops, is angry and determined to destroy Odysseus.
Truly, it is clear that Odysseus is being tested by the gods. He has one struggle after another struggle while trying to reach Ithaca. For years, Odysseus encounters major problems while trying to reach home.
Some argue that Odysseus is all about himself. He does have so much pride until he endangers himself as well as the lives of his men:
Some have argued that too much of the "human" side of Odysseus shines through, that he is nothing more than a grasping, greedy, selfish, disreputable man who simply bides his time, does as little as possible to help anyone else, and always makes sure he takes care of Number One first.
Ultimately, Odysseus has no choice but to cry out to the gods. Stranded on a raft in a stormy sea, Odysseus cries out to the gods. He finally admits that he needs help. He acknowledges the gods by crying out in a frustrated tone of voice, asking what do the gods want from him. In this moment, Odysseus admits that he cannot make it on his own. He needs the gods to finish his journey. Athena comes to his rescue.