What are some examples of mood and tone in "The Cask of Amontillado"?

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Author Edgar Allan Poe mixes several moods in his short story "The Cask of Amontillado." Outside of Montresor's home there exists the "supreme madness of the carnival season," where Montresor's servants have headed for a night of celebration. It is from this madness that Fortunato comes, hoping to further his drunken state with a taste of the rare Amontillado. But within Montressor's palazzo their exists a state of deadly seriousness. He has planned Fortunato's death carefully, luring the victim deep into the gruesome depths of the catacombs, where centuries of bones are strewn about the bottles of wine that also are stored there. Fortunato does not foresee the danger that awaits him, nor does he recognize the irony of some of Montresor's comments, such as the double meaning of the trowel and Montresor's agreement that Fortunato will not die of a cough. Poe maintains an ominous mood as well: We know that Montresor plans to kill Fortunato, but we don't know how until the end.

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The mood is psychologically disturbing as is made clear by Montresor's choice to sit "down upon the bones" and listen to the lament of Fortunato's "low moaning cry" and the "furious vibrations of the chain":

I laid the second tier, and the third, and the fourth; and then I heard the furious vibrations of the chain. The noise lasted for several minutes, during which, that I might hearken to it with the more satisfaction, I ceased my labours and sat down upon the bones. When at last the clanking subsided, I resumed the trowel,...

The narrator is obviously disturbed, bitter and hateful: "A thousand injuries I had suffered" he exclaims in the opening sentences. Then Montesor gives a psychotic justification for his actions against wrongs that must be redressed and avenged.

With his obsessive hatred he always explains to the reader how well he has prepared his plan. Then, when Fortunato makes the sign of a Mason, Montesor returns with a bizarre movement and laughs, enjoying his sick pun on stone mason. Later, as he gently lures his unsuspecting victim into a dark, narrow recess in the granite catacomb wall, Montesor fetters his victim to the granite rock wall with the steel of chain and padlock.

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