Guide to Literary Terms

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What are some examples of metaphors to describe someone? What are examples of metaphors describing someone who has zits, has frizzy hair, is smart, and is pretty?

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Jennings Williamson eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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A metaphor is a comparison of two unalike things—where one thing is said to be the other. It does not use the words like or as, as a simile would do, and it often does not even include a variant of to be. For example, someone who has a great number of pimples could be described, unkindly, as a pepperoni pizza-face, as this compares their spotted skin to the surface of a spotted pizza. It's not particularly kind, but you could also describe them as having a crater-face, comparing their face to the surface of the moon as a result of their blemishes.

Someone who has frizzy hair could be described as having a brown cloud always around their head, if they have brown hair—comparing their frizzy hair to a cloud. One could even say that their hair is bear's fur. Someone who is intelligent could be described as being whip-smart, comparing their quickness to the speed with which a whip cracks; they could also have a brain that goes a mile a minute. Of course, the brain doesn't physically go anywhere, but it is compared to a car that can.

Finally, a pretty person could be said to have a face in full bloom, comparing their beauty to that of a flower.

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litteacher8 eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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A metaphor is a figure of speech comparing unlike things by describing them as something else.

Metaphors are often used to help you clearly picture something.  They use a linking verb like “is” or “was.”

It is an implied analogy or unstated comparison which imaginatively identifies one thing with another. This device is used by an author to turn or twist the meaning of a word.  (enotes)

Since you said the person is pretty, I am going to assume you want positive images.  I will begin with the acne.  Acne is not usually considered positive, but it could be.

Her face was a strawberry of zits.

In this case, the pocked nature of a strawberry is compared to the acne.  It’s still not completely positive, so you might consider replacing “zits” with “pimples” or a less offensive word.

Frizzy hair is also not considered good usually.  If you want to make a positive image, think of something positive or good that’s frizzy.

Her hair was cotton candy.

You can also use a simile to say her hair was “as frizzy as cotton candy” if you like.

Finally, she is smart and pretty.  You have tried to imply that she is pretty before.  You can combine these two by describing something you find pretty and smart.

She was a shiny new apple computer, smart and pretty.

Of course, something that is pretty and smart is up to you, but you get the idea.

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kdickman | Student

A methaphor is a comparison of two unlike things.  A common confusion is that it includes "like or as" in the comparision. However, the only type of figurative language that contains a "like or as" comparison is a simile. 

A few examples of possible sentences for each are: 

 His face was the source of concern with volcanos spewing off every side. His style was a messy look, he wanted the appearence of electricity running through his hair.  Fortuntaly, this electric volt charged his brain and radiated a glow causing his to appear intelligent and glowing with beauty.

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