What are some examples of metaphors and allusions in "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow"?

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There are many examples of allusions found in the short story "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow." Here are a few examples:

  • References to the American Revolutionary War, including the battle of White Plains.
  • Cotton Mather's History of New England Witchcraft figures prominently.
  • The Dutch old country is mentioned; an example is the town of Saardam.
  • Irving refers to the Russian "Don Cossacks."
  • There is a reference to "the cap of Mercury."
  • There is a comparison to the "knight-errant" of medieval times.
  • The patron of dance, St. Vitus, is referenced.
  • The British spy, Major Andre, who was hanged in the area, is mentioned several times.


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