Direct characterization is when the narrator tells the reader directly what a character is like, such as stating: Sarah was a shy girl. In indirection characterization, the writer shows that Sarah is a shy girl: for example, the writer might say: Sarah blushed and looked down when the teacher spoke to her.
Dickens uses a good deal of indirect characterization in the first two chapters. For example, while Magwitch the convict is terrifying to the young Pip, Dickens indirectly characterizes his weakness and vulnerability when he describes him as follows as:
still hugging himself in both arms, and picking his way with his sore feet among the great stones dropped into the marshes here and there . . .
Magwitch is cold, sore, and at the end of his resources. We don't need to be told this, for we can see it.
In chapter two, Dickens indirectly characterizes Joe as a kind man who is on Pip's side by showing him warning Pip of his sisters' wrath and advising him to protect himself:
“Well,” said Joe,...
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