What are some examples of idealism vs. realism in Don Quixote?

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The title character in the Miguel de Cervantes novel Don Quixote is a man who chooses to see the world through the lens of his ideals rather than settle for the mundane reality of country life.

Don Quixote immerses himself in books of chivalry, admiring the code of honor and bravery they describe. He becomes so preoccupied with the ideals the characters embody that he neglects his duties and his home in favor of contemplating and discussing chivalry. This fascination leads him to reject the reality of his life as an ordinary Spanish landholder and to perceive himself as the ideal knight, championing justice in a troubled world.

…he fancied it was right and requisite, as well for the support of his own honour as for the service of his country, that he should make a knight-errant of himself… righting every kind of wrong, and exposing himself to peril and danger from which, in the issue, he was to reap eternal renown and fame.

Don Quixote does not just transform himself; he reinvents those...

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