There are many examples of foreshadowing in chapter 4 of Night. One example is at the beginning of chapter 4. Elie stated, "I was nothing but a body. Perhaps even less: a famished stomach. The stomach alone was measuring time." After the dentist is taken away, Elie stated that he was pleased that the dentist had been thrown in prison and was going to be hanged, because then, Elie could keep his gold crown. Elie, like the other prisoners, was beginning to lose his humanity. His only care was the bread and soup. As his experiences continued, Elie continued to lose his humanity a little bit at a time. Another example of Elie losing his humanity is after the first three prisoners were hanged, Elie thought that the soup never tasted better. The deaths did not affect him negatively. In chapter 7, he simply made a note when a son killed his father over a crust of bread.
Another example of foreshadowing is when Idek was beating Elie's father. He stated, "What's more, if I felt anger at the moment, it was not directed at the Kapo, but at my father. Why couldn't he have avoided Idek's wrath. That is what life in a concentration camp had made of me..." This is important foreshadowing about Elie's changing feelings regarding his father. In chapter 3, when the Kapo hit his father, Elie became angry and wanted to avenge his father. At this time, he was angry with his father for getting hurt. By chapter 8, Elie began to resent his father, as his father had become a huge burden to him.
Toward the end of the chapter, Elie talked about a young Pipel who was beating his father for not making the bed properly. The father was crying, and the son yelled, "If you don't stop crying instantly, I will no longer bring you bread. Understood?" This foreshadows the breakdown of the father-son relationships that happen in the story. In addition to the breakdown of Elie's relationship with his father, there were two other father-son relationships Elie spoke about. In chapter 6, Elie discussed how the Rabbi was looking for his son. After Elie told the Rabbi he had not seen the son, Elie remembered that he had seen the son running ahead of his father because the Rabbi was falling behind. This is after the Rabbi and his son had stuck by each other for the last three years. In chapter 7, Elie witnessed a son killing his father for a piece of bread. In chapter 8, Elie began to resent his father and was secretly relieved when his father died.
At the end of chapter 4, a Pipel with the face of an angel, who was well loved, was hanged. Someone in line asked,
"Where is Merciful God, where is He?" Later, someone asked, "For God's sake, where is God?" And from within me, I heard a voice answer: "Where He is? This is where—hanging here from this...
This is foreshadowing of the continued theme of loss of faith. In chapter 5, Elie questioned why he should bless God's name. He blamed God for the concentration camps, the crematoriums, and the torture. In chapter 6, Elie prayed to a God he no longer believed in. By chapter 7, God no longer existed. In addition to Elie's loss of faith, Akiba Drumer, the most devout of all the Jews, lost his faith. The symbolic death of God in the form of the Pipel foreshadows the death of God in Elie.
The fact that the soup tasted like corpses after the death of the Pipel is another example of foreshadowing. The corpse is the death of the Pipel and the death of faith in God. The fact that the soup tastes like corpses foreshadows the corpses that litter the trail on the run to Gliewitz, the corpses that are piled up in the barracks at Gliewitz, the corpse thrown off the train, and most importantly, Elie. At the end of chapter 9, Elie looked in the mirror and saw a corpse looking back at him.