Figurative language is any phrase or sentence that is not meant to be taken literally. Similes and metaphors are subcategories of figurative language. Like most works of fiction, The Jungle Book is filled with examples of figurative language used to describe characters and their inner states of being, settings, and even action as it happens. Here are a few examples of author Rudyard Kipling's use of figurative language.
"It is the hardest thing in the world to frighten a mongoose, because he is eaten up from nose to tail with curiosity."
The mongoose Rikki-Tikki-Tavi is not literally eaten up (by curiosity or anything else). It's a metaphor for how fundamental the trait of curiosity is to a mongoose's personality.
From "The Song of Mowgli":
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