what are some examples of doublespeak or doublethink (1984) in real world?
Doublethink is the ability to hold two contrasting ideas, themes, arguments at the same time, i.e. to believe that one thing and its opposite are both true; doublespeak is its speech counterpart, physically uttered by a member of the Inner Party. In 1984, it is elevated to political custom because it allows complete manipulation of the masses: the slogans are perfect examples: “War is peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is strength.” However, the book does not depict a distant reality: scenes and situations were taken from the political arena at the time of writing (1948-49). Doublethink is a direct product of Stalin’s propaganda in the USSR, especially in the 30s. Stalin came out a victor over the Nazis at the end of World War II even if he had struck a non-aggression deal with Hitler (known as “Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact”). Obviously, there have been disconcerting cases in very recent years, such as the war in Iraq - which was hailed as an attempt to bring democracy to a dictatorial state through the epitome of violence. Guantánamo is also a striking instance of doublethink: Mr Bush ordered the incarceration of many people without trial ostensibly to protect our civil rights. Doublethink constitutes the bone of political discourse; 1984 is all the more important as a book exactly because it increases our awareness of this process.