Laboratory apparatus vary from laboratory to laboratory, depending on the laboratory's subject of focus. For example, a physics laboratory will have different apparatus than a chemistry laboratory.
Here are some of the common laboratory apparatus (and each one's purpose) for a chemistry laboratory:
- Bunsen burner: for heating samples
- Test tubes: for holding small samples that will undergo reactions
- Erlenmeyer/ conical flask: for sample storage or titration experiments
- Burette: for titration experiments and/or adding precise volume of a liquid to a container
- Pipette: for adding precise volume of a liquid to another liquid or glassware
- weighing balance: for measuring the mass of substances, such as salts and filter paper
- Graduated cylinders: come in various sizes and are used for measuring the volume of liquids
- Beakers: available in various sizes and are used as reaction vessels or for sample storage
- Funnel: typically made of glass and used for transferring liquids from one container to another
There are a number of other common apparatus, including wire gauge, droppers, wash bottle, volumetric flask, and tongs.
Hope this helps.