Atticus's primary character motivation is to protect and defend innocent people like Tom Robinson. Atticus is also motivated to ameliorate racial injustice and inequality in his prejudiced town of Maycomb by setting precedence during Tom Robinson's trial. In addition to protecting Tom Robinson from racist community members, Atticus is also motivated to raise his children to be morally-upright, tolerant citizens. One of Atticus's biggest fears is that the prevalent racism will rub off on Jem and Scout and negatively influence them, making them become prejudiced, hateful individuals.
Aunt Alexandra is motivated to positively influence Scout into behaving like a proper Southern Belle. Alexandra is opposed to Scout's tomboy personality and cannot stand the fact that she wears overalls. Alexandra tries her best to expose Scout to social functions and encourages her to dress like a lady. Aunt Alexandra is also motivated to teach her niece and nephew about their respected family heritage.
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