As evidenced by the social, political, and economic effects of the 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States, terrorism has a serious negative impact on even the most developed country. The impact on underdeveloped countries, many of which are found in Africa, are exponentially worst. Terrorism discourages international investment as nations will look for safer venues to conduct trade. Acts of terrorism also cause damage to infrastructure, buildings, and place a strain on emergency and security forces. This is money that could be spent on economic development, education systems, or other programs that could enhance the future of these African nations. Terrorism also destroys certain economic industries like tourism and air travel. It is not uncommon for terrorism to lead to civil disorder or even civil war. In general, acts of terror stymies economic growth and development and forces countries to use it expenditures in a way that is not productive.