What are some current challenges of people with disabilities face? Please provide statistics to support your discussion. Next, research and identify at least two organizations (one for each racial/ethnic group) that fight for equality, confront the challenges that people with disabilities face, and provide support to individuals with people with disabilities. Identify the people with disabilities, their mission statement, campaigns or programs they are involved in and their current work.

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The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities defines the term ‘disability’ as follows:

“Persons with disabilities include those who have long term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others.“

The disabled population (people with physical or mental impairments) and the people who suffer from chronic illnesses encounter a number of problems and hardships in their daily life. They are usually limited when it comes to accessing certain places, groups, and privileges, and face a plethora of challenges in many socio-economic areas.

These challenges can vary in complexity and range from physical, emotional, mental, and psychological, to educational, societal, cultural, economic, and medical. As far as physical challenges are concerned, some of the biggest problems disabled people face are accessibility problems, transportation problems, and eating in restaurants and dining establishments. For instance, people in wheelchairs can seldom access public bathrooms, or even their offices, because some of the buildings are not equipped with the proper equipment designed to cater the needs for the disabled people.

Transportation is also a challenge, as people with disabilities regularly come across some difficulties when using the affordable public transportation services. Some buses don’t have a wheelchair friendly space, or a platform so that people in wheelchairs can get on and off the vehicle; some buses only use visual announcement systems to inform the passengers of the next station, which proves difficult for people with visual disabilities; blind people and people with other visual impairments sometimes can’t even find the bus station, because there are no guiding tracks. Furthermore, people who suffer from chronic illnesses and must be careful with their choice of food and beverages, can rarely find a restaurant or a dining establishment that will offer them the right menu that will meet their dietary plans.

When we’re analyzing the emotional, mental, and psychological challenges that disabled people face, we usually distinguish two main problems: Self-esteem issues and the unavoidable need to depend on society, family members, loved ones, or friends. The disabled population occasionally faces discrimination and unfair treatment, especially children and teenagers. People who don’t know better will use derogatory language and insensitive remarks when talking with or about the disabled people. This, in turn, makes the disabled people feel very insecure and self-conscious, and many of them suffer from anxiety and low self-esteem.

People with disabilities face problems with their education as well, as many schools and educational centers don’t have the right programs that will meet the needs of the disabled population. Even though there are special schools and academies for the disabled, many of the impaired people can’t afford to go there, be it from financial reasons, as some of them are poor, or geographical reasons, as some of them live in remote and rural areas. Because they require special aid, many of the disabled people don’t have equal opportunities in receiving education.

Thus, many fail to get a university degree and get a proper job. Which brings us to the economic challenges. Disabled people cannot equally compete with the able bodied people in the work area. Many companies and organizations, especially the smaller businesses, don’t even hire disabled people, as they can’t afford to provide a disabled friendly environment. Sometimes, even though the disabled people have the same knowledge and skills as the non-impaired people, they will receive a lower income, as their employers assume that they’re not as productive as their non-impaired coworkers. Because of their low paychecks, many disabled people can’t fully cover their medical costs and must depend on social and government support.

Finally, disabled people face numerous societal problems as well. For instance, they can’t date properly or get married. This is mainly due to the fact the people question the ability of their disabled partners to properly care for their families. Some straight men even fear that disabled women might not be able to have children or take care of them the same way non-impaired women can. In some countries, it is even believed that marriage with a disabled person is a bad omen.

You can see various statistics about the information I’ve provided here, and here. You also mentioned that you need at least two organizations that “fight for equality, confront the challenges that people with disabilities face, and provide support to individuals with people with disabilities.” I’ve managed to find “The American Association of People with Disabilities” and the “End Abuse of People with Disabilities” organization, both of which have successfully carried out their missions in providing help and protecting the rights of the disabled community in the US. You can find more similar organizations here.

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